Hierarchical Intervention Levels

In complex intractable conflicts, intervention must happen at many levels simultaneously. Here scholars and practitioners discuss how this is done in theory...and in practice.

In Theory

Ron Fisher talks about the problem of scaling up table-oriented processes to the level of whole societies.
Herb Kelman reflects on how one "moves up" from the small-group process of problem solving workshops to having a larger societal or political impact.
Brazilian economist Olympio Barbanti talks about a new, softer, view of development.
Mohammed Abu-Nimer discusses how individual transformation can be scaled up to reach the policy-making level.
Chester Crocker describes the importance of having communication channels to real decision makers. He also describes an interesting model for peace agreement implementation and monitoring.
Helen Chauncey discusses who you work with when doing coexistence work.
Helen Chauncey says intervenors must make the effort to link the grassroots to those in power.
Tamra d'Estrée observes that getting people of similar "levels" or professions from opposing sides together can be an eye-opening experience.
Jannie Botes explains that journalists do not perceive mediation to be part of their role, but they do see their role as being conflict analysts. That is how to engage them in conflict theory.
Mohammed Abu-Nimerasks can North American models of conflict resolution be used and taught in the Middle East? Not exactly.

In Practice

William Ury describes how they worked at all levels of society to nurture a third-side movement in Venezuela.
Ron Fisher of American University describes Track I-II coordination in Tajikistan, which is essentially the coordination between elite and mid-level or grassroots efforts.
Even if people are completely hostile to the idea of conflict resolution initially, sometimes if you work with them long enough they'll come around to seeing it as valuable.Mohammed Abu-Nimer explains how this happened when he was working with Palestinians in Gaza.
Herb Kelman says that one of the problems with the Oslo agreements is that they couldn't be done in the open, but because of the secrecy, the constituencies weren't "brought along" and weren't ready to accept the agreements.
Robert Stains talks about conducting dialogue groups both at the grassroots level and at the level of leadership.
Angela Khaminwa and Sarah Peterson discuss ways to "scale up" coexistence work to the national level to address issues of structural violence.
Wallace Warfield describes how one identifies the real leaders in a group.
Mary Anderson describes the minimum requirements for successful conflict analysis, and also presents a matrix which helps to understand where in the peacebuilding system a particular intervention fits.
Bill Ury discusses the lessons he has learned so far implementing a third side approach in Venezuela.
Bill Ury explains how outsiders can facilitate the development and coordination of many different third-sider roles. This he calls "meta mediation."
Silke Hansen goes into all disputes aiming for mediation
Civil rights mediator Silke Hansen describes how she builds trust with minority groups even though she is white.