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Tolerance: Additional Resources


These references supplement the Knowledge Base Essay, Tolerance.

Additional Explanations of the Underlying Concepts:

Online (Web) Sources

Brandeis University International Center for Ethics, Justice and Public Life: Alan B. Slifka Program in Intercommunal Coexistence.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
The Slifka Program in Intercommunal Coexistence aims to generate and disseminate knowledge useful to practitioners of coexistence and related fields, and to engage students and other members of the larger Brandeis community in the theory and practice of coexistence. The Program focuses in particular on the ethical dimension of coexistence work and the role of the arts and humanities in strengthening relationships among the people of historically divided communities.

The Coexistence Initiative.
Available at:
Primary Link  [Backup Link]
The Coexistence Initiative seeks to provide information on the topic of coexistence and to facilitate communication between those engaged in coexistence-related work. The organization's website provides a variety of resources, as well as news about projects on which the Initiative and its partners are currently working.

Offline (Print) Sources

Kriesberg, Louis. "Coexistence and the Reconciliation of Communal Conflicts." In The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence. Edited by Weiner, Eugene, ed. New York, NY: Continuum Publishing, 2000.
This chapter discusses the meanings of the terms coexistence and reconciliation and examines the obstacles to achieving these societal states in the wake of violent protracted conflicts. The article goes on to consider ways to foster equitable coexistence and reconciliation, looking at forms of reconciliation work and strategies for carrying out such work. Primary Link

Amir, Yehuda. "Contact Hypothesis in Ethnic Relations." In The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence. Edited by Weiner, Eugene, ed. New York: Continuum Publishing, 1998.
This book discusses the conditions under which intergroup contact leads to improved intergroup relations and the reduction of prejudice. The author concentrates on three main variables: the character of the contact situation, the character of the contact participants, and the attitudinal and behavioral results. Primary Link

Kriesberg, Louis. Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, 2nd Edition. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, November 2002.
This volume discusses the catalysts and phases of conflict as well as the processes of conflict resolution. It identifies the complexities of constructive conflicts and outlines case studies of intractable conflict moving towards resolution.

Sen, Amartya. Development as Freedom. New York: Anchor, 1999.
In this book, the author argues that tolernace is a key to and should be understood within the context of human happiness.

"In One Muslim Land, An Effort to Enforce Lessons of Tolerance." New York Times , December 16, 2001.
This article talks about tolerance.

Schmemann, Serge. "The Burden of Tolerance in a World of Division." New York Times , December 29, 2002.
Serge Schmemann, a New York Times columnist noted in his piece of December 29, 2002 in The New York Times entitled "The Burden of Tolerance in a World of Division" that tolerance is a burden rather than a blessing in today's society.

Sagar, Lawrence. "The Free Exercise of Culture: Some Doubts and Distinctions." Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 4, January 1, 2000.
One essay in a volume of essays focused on putting an end to intolerance and encouraging communities to actively embrace diversity.

The Handbook of Interethnic Coexistence. New York: Continuum Press, 1998.
Identifies the importance of intimate inter-group contact in reducing prejudice and promoting tolerance as well as peaceful coexistence and reconciliation.

Ury, William L. The Third Side: Why We Fight and How We Can Stop. New York: Penguin Books, September 2000.
In this book, William Ury explains that it takes two sides to fight and a third to stop it. Based on years of experience as a conflict resolution practitioner, Ury describes ten practical roles that people can play to prevent destructive conflict. He argues that fighting is not inevitable human behavior and that we can transform battles into constructive conflict and cooperation by turning to what he calls, "the third side".

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Examples Illustrating this Topic:

Online (Web) Sources

Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
A summary of the successes of Neve Shalom and Wahat-al-Salam in developing an educational program focused on integrated schooling.

The Search for Common Ground.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
The Search for Common Ground is an NGO which designs and implements innovative ways to reframe issues and solve problems. They believe that for conflict prevention to be successful -- no matter how timely and effective the outside assistance -- the political will needs to exist within the country to prevent violence. The methodology of prevention is simply not powerful enough to deter people intent on killing. They believe that prevention works best in a pre-violence state such as Macedonia, where ethnic tensions are high but where violence is not widespread, or in a post-violence state like Angola, where the impulse toward bloodshed has diminished.

Offline (Print) Sources

Hague, Amber. "Attitudes of High School Students and Teachers Towards Muslims and Islam in a Southeastern Australian Community." Intercultural Education 2, 2001.
This study investigates attitudes of Australian high school students and teachers towards Muslims and Islam in two suburban high schools in specific areas of southeastern Australia. Respondents generally disagreed with the negative stereotypes of Muslims, as the media tends to present them.

Malan, Jannie. "From Exclusive Aversion to Inclusive Coexistence." Conference on Coexistence Community Consultations, Durban, South Africa , January 1, 2003.
This paper looks at differing levels of tolerance and coexistence in South Africa.

Kosovo. January 1, 1900.
This is a documentary film that demonstrates the extent to which Serbs and Kosovars are divided in their lives, particularly since the war.

European Centre for Conflict Prevention. "Tuzla, City of Hope in War-Torn Bosnia." In People Building Peace: 35 Inspiring Stories From Around the World. Edited by van Tongeren, Paul, ed. Utrecht: European Centre for Conflict Prevention, 1999.
Argues that the relative peace in Tuzla was a result of a history of tolerance there.

Lantieri, Linda and Janet Pattie. Waging Peace in Our Schools. Beacon Press, July 1, 1998.
Identifies case studies of peace and conflict resolution curriculum successfully integrated into classroom settings in conflict and non-conflict arenas.

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Teaching Materials on this Topic:

Online (Web) Sources

Museum of Tolerance: A Simon Wiesenthal Center Museum.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
The Museum of Tolerance provides opportunities for people to engage in themes of tolerance through participating in courses or getting involved with the Tolerance Center, which provides participants with an intense educational and experiential daylong training program. Through interactive workshops, exhibits, and videos, individuals explore issues of prejudice, diversity, tolerance, and cooperation in the workplace and in the community.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
This site offers information about human rights to multiple interest groups, including citizen activists, parents and teachers. The mission of is to create a national community committed to human rights. Its goal is to awaken people of all ages to the problem of hate and intolerance, to equip them with the best tolerance ideas and to prompt them to act in their homes, schools, businesses and communities.
Available at:  [Backup Link]
A website that deals with the complexities of tolerance and provides a section for educators on teaching tolerance.

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