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Positive-Sum / Zero-Sum / Negative-Sum Situations: Additional Resources
 


These references supplement the Knowledge Base Essay, Positive-Sum / Zero-Sum / Negative-Sum Situations.

Additional Explanations of the Underlying Concepts:

Online (Web) Sources

(K) McCain, Roger A. "Game Theory: An Introductory Sketch - Zero-Sum Games." ,
Available at:
http://william-king.www.drexel.edu/top/eco/game/zerosum.html  [Backup Link]

This is a complex description of the zero-sum game, which is an aspect of game theory. In addition to the definions and theoretical background, the author includes examples of zero-sum games.


Offline (Print) Sources

(?) Kriesberg, Louis. "Basics of Zero-Sum." In Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, 2nd Edition. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, November 2002. Pages: 8-10.
This brief excerpt from Constructive Conflicts explains some basic ideas of game theory such as zero-sum and nonconstant sum.

(D) Yarn, Douglas H. "Definition of Zero-Sum." In Dictionary of Conflict Resolution. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, September 1, 1999. Pages: 443.
This excerpt provides a clear definition of the concept of zero-sum.

(K) Burgess, Heidi and Guy M. Burgess. "Definition of Zero-Sum, Negative Sum, Positive-Sum." In Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution. ABC-Clio, November 1997. Pages: 309-310.
This section of the Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution offers an explanation of the distinctions between zero-sum, negative sum, and positive-sum negotiation scenarios.

(?) Kriesberg, Louis. "Scarcity & Zero-Sum." In Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, 2nd Edition. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, November 2002. Pages: 37-38.
This brief excerpt from Constructive Conflicts discusses how scarcity plays into zero-sum conflicts.

KM


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Examples Illustrating this Topic:

Online (Web) Sources

"Zero Sum Games." Principia Cybernetica Web , 1993
Available at:
http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ZESUGAM.html  [Backup Link]

This is a brief explanation of the concept "Zero Sum" games, comparing chess and Monopoly.



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