- John F. Kennedy
These references supplement the Knowledge Base Essay, Positive-Sum / Zero-Sum / Negative-Sum Situations.
Additional Explanations of the Underlying Concepts:
Online (Web) Sources (K) McCain, Roger A. "Game Theory: An Introductory Sketch - Zero-Sum Games." , Available at: http://william-king.www.drexel.edu/top/eco/game/zerosum.html [Backup Link] This is a complex description of the zero-sum game, which is an aspect of game theory. In addition to the definions and theoretical background, the author includes examples of zero-sum games. Offline (Print) Sources (?) Kriesberg, Louis. "Basics of Zero-Sum." In Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, 2nd Edition. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, November 2002. Pages: 8-10. This brief excerpt from Constructive Conflicts explains some basic ideas of game theory such as zero-sum and nonconstant sum. (D) Yarn, Douglas H. "Definition of Zero-Sum." In Dictionary of Conflict Resolution. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, September 1, 1999. Pages: 443. This excerpt provides a clear definition of the concept of zero-sum. (K) Burgess, Heidi and Guy M. Burgess. "Definition of Zero-Sum, Negative Sum, Positive-Sum." In Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution. ABC-Clio, November 1997. Pages: 309-310. This section of the Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution offers an explanation of the distinctions between zero-sum, negative sum, and positive-sum negotiation scenarios. (?) Kriesberg, Louis. "Scarcity & Zero-Sum." In Constructive Conflicts: From Escalation to Resolution, 2nd Edition. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, November 2002. Pages: 37-38. This brief excerpt from Constructive Conflicts discusses how scarcity plays into zero-sum conflicts. KM Examples Illustrating this Topic: Online (Web) Sources "Zero Sum Games." Principia Cybernetica Web , 1993 Available at: http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ZESUGAM.html [Backup Link] This is a brief explanation of the concept "Zero Sum" games, comparing chess and Monopoly. |